Skinessence medi spa – PIGMENTATION

Almost everyone has a few brown pigment spots on their face from sun exposure and whilst not usually harmful to the skin’s health, they detract from an even, luminous complexion and can be cosmetically displeasing.

Pigmentation is a common skin condition. Skin cells give your skin colour by making a substance called melanin. When skin cells become damaged or unhealthy, melanin production can be affected. Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin while others affect the entire body.

What causes Pigmentation?

Pigmentation (also referred to as Hyperpigmentation) – are areas of skin that become darker in colour than surrounding healthy skin. This darkening often occurs because there is an excess of melanin or an abnormal production and deposition of melanin by the melanocytes, which deposits in the skin. Melanin is the brown pigment that produces our normal skin colour.

Hyperpigmentation terms include melasma, chloasma, solar lentigines, PIH, sun damage and freckles (ephilides).

Excess pigmentation can be triggered by a number of factors including UV exposure, hormonal changes, skin trauma, or genetic predisposition.

Sun exposure
Many people believe that tanned skin is healthy skin. In actual fact, tanned skin is damaged skin. The ultraviolet radiation (UV) in sunlight penetrates the deepest layers of skin, and harms the cells. The body responds by forming pigment to protect itself (hence we view this as tanned skin), but damage is easily done, and may be permanent. The more exposure you have to the sun, the more likely you are to develop skin cancer later in life.

UV radiation leads to many skin problems including sunburn, age spots, wrinkles, dehydration, pigmentation, freckles and allergic rashes. Most importantly, overexposure to the sun is the major cause of skin cancer, including melanoma.

Hormonal changes
Hormonal pigmentation or ‘Melasma’ can occur during times of hormonal fluctuations associated with pregnancy (sometimes called the “pregnancy mask”), oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy (HRT). For some, the condition fades after childbirth, hormone therapy or discontinuation of oral contraceptives. For many it does not and it can prove to be very difficult to successfully remove.

Skin Trauma and Birthmarks
This type of pigmentation, called postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, is temporary pigmentation that follows injury or physical trauma to the skin (e.g. a thermal burn) or inflammatory disorder of the skin (e.g. dermatitis, infection). It is mostly observed in darker skin types. Postinflammatory pigmentation is also called acquired melanosis.

Skin pigmentation can also be present at birth (birthmarks), appear in childhood, or adulthood.

Pigmentation Treatments

Candela™ Laser Treatment
Laser therapy is used to gently heat the deep layers of skin and promote new collagen production. It can be used to correct many skin conditions including diffuse and excessive redness/rosacea, uneven skin texture like pigmentation, and large open pores.

Relax and enjoy the benefits – the gentle warming of the skin is relaxing and pain free.

Skin Needling (more information is available on our Dermal Skin Needling page)
Our trained therapists will target the problem area with a dermal pen that utilises a series of microscopic needles controlled by a unique motorized head to provide thousands of precision channels into the dermal layer of skin. These needles cause multiple, tiny micro-punctures in the dermis. These micro-punctures stimulate growth factors in the skin and the post traumatic response produces collagen and elastin – two of the key building blocks of our skin. As the structure of the skin is largely left intact, the skin heals quickly after a treatment,

Skin Corrective Chemical Peels
Click here to read about our chemical peel treatment for pigmentation

Click here to read about our microdermabrasion treatment for pigmentation